Mainstream hunting media is full of factually sound and well researched knowledge on Whitetail behavior like a standard of a buck core area. For instance, the common agreement in the industry is that a Whitetail buck core area will be approximately 1 square mile for their entire life. I have no intentions on debating what I feel is a very relevant theory in rural areas.

That idea stems from uninterrupted patterns, a consistent environment, and normal rutting behavior. For myself and millions of other deer hunters in North America, suburban and urban environments are what represent our hunting grounds, and that can change deer behavior drastically. Although Whitetails still have the desire to maintain relatively habitual lifestyles, it is far easier said than done when it comes to suburban bucks.

Like most subjects covered in ‘The Urban Deer Complex’, theories become far more complicated. In this case, core areas can be vastly shrunk, grown, or abruptly changed. This adds to the already seemingly impossible skill of patterning a mature Whitetail.

In my book, The Urban Deer Complex, I explain three very distinct personalities mature suburban bucks can develop over time. My favorite, ‘The Pocket Ghost’, represents a deer that uses a small suburban pocket of woods as its primary buck core area. They are often just that- ghosts. They restrict much movement to darkness as their regular core area consists of people’s yards and other human-developed features.

This article is not meant for you to perfect advanced tactics on such a Whitetail, or the more regularly patterned buck ‘The Swamp Monster’. (For that you can reference my book on suburban hunting). This is meant to bring to light one of the most frustrating and impossible truths in suburban and urban deer hunting- the rut.

The rut, as we all know it, is a frenzy of reckless deer behavior marked by the consistent chaos that seems completely devoid of reason. Many of us will welcome that window of opportunity for bucks to make their daylight mistakes. That’s all fun and good, and often relies heavily on luck. The tragic and frustrating result is a viciously unforgiving late season.

After the dust settles of all the random chases, mating frenzies, and breeding, deer will return to their core area. Unfortunately in suburban America, what was a run of joyous mating rites now has become a mature buck’s nightmare. That highway they bounded across, parking lot they ran circles in, or the schoolyard they casually passed through (and whatever other human infested obstacle they boldly ventured in the fogged mindset of the rut), has now become an almost impossible challenge.

The now levelheaded buck cannot simply waltz back to its bedding area because what may be a simple one mile trek for a rural giant has now become a gauntlet for your suburban crush. It often renders hunting theories based on bucks returning to core areas in late season useless. Above all it creates a frustration that far too many suburban deer hunters will face this winter. The reality that their well patterned buck may very well not return until after the season, or even more devastating, that their buck has taken up an entirely new core area.

This is the truth about suburban bucks core areas, and it is a theory to consider when making plans to effectively hunt your buck of a lifetime. When presented with the true fear of this potential doom, I will often hunt the early season more aggressively, leaving the idea of the late season redemption a long shot if needed.

I would love to hear any of these core area changes you have experienced, leave comments below.

About The Author A.J. DeRosa

A.J. DeRosa is an American film maker and outdoor writer. He is considered a pioneer in the modern era of hunting. From the amazon best selling deer hunting book ‘The Urban Deer Complex‘ to his critically acclaimed film series 'Project Upland'. He continues to push the boundaries in outdoor media, including niche market regions and unique cultures to the mass market.

comments (5)

  • Very Cool idea! Love the layout and everything associated with it.. I just found your page a few weeks ago..

    these are some of the hunts we filmed.. We mainly just hunt urban deer before duck season starts.. And I do believe it is much different from hunting a deer in a “uncivilized area”


  • I based my whole hunting season on your book ! And it payed off for me ! I am located in nj and all the big bucks are hiding in the houses ! I met you in Edison at the outdoorsman show to purchase another book for a buddy ! I highly recommend this book for all hunters ! Thanks for opening my eyes !

  • I arrowed a 9 pointer on opening morning of NH’s archery season (Sept. 15th) two years ago. He field dressed 150 lbs and was traveling with a true “Monster buck” that was well over 200 lbs. Never had an ethical shot at him so I took the 9 ptr at 9 yards. Both bucks were in velvet. The “Monster” circled around downwind of me after I arrowed the 9 ptr and winded me. I heard him snorting several times. I did not get a complete passthrough because of the angle and so I left the deer for a few hours. When I came back he was stone cold dead and stiff about 70 yards away – ample time for the “Monster” to put two and two together. I’d been following these two bucks for 2 years and had managed to “figure out” their pattern. After arrowing this buck I left this spot alone the rest of the season because I had other areas to hunt and after harvesting one of these bucks I wanted to leave the other one alone. I fully expected him to survive another season on one of two tracts of posted land on either side of the property I hunted – as he’d done for the past two years. By season’s end I’d not heard of anyone harvesting him. This spring I resumed trail camming and scouting and quickly realized he was no where to be found. It could be that he was hit by a car – or succumbed to starvation/coyotes in the winter. Although I suspect that a more plausible reason for his absence was the fact that he witnessed his buddy get killed right in their core area and decided to either relocate his home range to the posted land full-time or moved to another core area.

  • I’ve been tryinging to pattern a 12 pointer for two years now. He only makes his appearance around 10/28-11/3 each year on camera. He’s a neighborhood monster, and I haven’t seen him any other time in the year. Thanks for the good read.

  • ive been hunting a small back yard (5acres?) for the past few years and I”m always shocked at what I jump as I walk to my stand. I hunt for the freezer so a fat doe will often do me just fine but I’m waiting on a monster to come running after those does. A few scrapes tell me they’re there but I’ve seen nothing with my own two eyes. wish me luck this season. I”m a big fan of your articles, btw.

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